Current Travel Guidance and Restrictions

Last Updated July 6, 2021

Extension of validity for National Interest Exceptions (NIEs) for Travelers from China, Iran, Brazil, South Africa, the Schengen Area, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and India

On June 29, 2021, the Department of State extended the validity of National Interest Exceptions (NIE) for travelers subject to restrictions under Presidential Proclamations (PPs) 9984, 9992, 10143, 10199, and similar subsequent PPs related to the spread of COVID-19. Unless otherwise indicated, existing NIEs will be valid for 12 months from the date of approval and for multiple entries, as long as they are used for the purpose under which they were granted.  This extension applies to travelers subject to these proclamations due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, South Africa, the Schengen area, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and India who currently have approved NIEs or who were granted NIEs in conjunction with a visa application.

Among the qualifications for NIEs are those traveling to provide vital support or executive direction to critical infrastructure; those traveling to provide vital support or executive direction for significant economic activity in the United States; journalists; travel due to extraordinary humanitarian circumstances; or travel in support of national security or public health. Students holding F or M visas and travelers with immigrant or fiancé visas have been granted NIEs and do not need to obtain NIEs in advance from a consular section. NIE eligibility for students who have been present in Brazil, China, India, Iran or South Africa applies to programs that begin on or after August 1, 2021. Additional information is available here.

Travelers should contact the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate before traveling if they have not previously been approved for a NIE and have a valid visa in the appropriate class or have a valid ESTA authorization for travel under the Visa Waiver Program and seek to travel for purposes consistent with ESTA authorization. If an NIE is approved, they may travel on either a valid visa or ESTA authorization, as appropriate. Each approved NIE is valid for 12 months from the date of approval and may be used to travel to the United States multiple times for the purpose indicated in the approved NIE.

June 24th, 2021

There are many issues that will affect your decision to travel internationally or your ability to enter the U.S. Unfortunately what was true last week might be different tomorrow, so it's critically important to stay informed with up-to-date information. OISS does not recommend international travel if you are in the U.S. currently, and would need to apply for a new visa to return. Even if you have a valid visa, COVID-19 restrictions (below) could prevent you from departing from certain countries to the U.S. For a comprehensive list of travel restrictions and exceptions visit NAFSA COVID-19 Restrictions on U.S. Visas and Entry, or the U.S. State Department website. If you are still unsure which policies apply to your situation please contact the U.S. consulate or embassy in your area.


Preparing for Travel to the U.S.

Obtain Your U.S. Visa

You must (except Canadian citizens) have a valid visa to enter the U.S. Many U.S. consulates have not yet resumed normal operations, causing delays and limited access. The State Department announced that consulates can waive the interview requirement for those who have a visa that has been expired by 48 months or less. This provision is now set to expire on 12/31/2021.

COVID-19 Related Travel Restrictions

On June 24th the U.S. State Department amended several of the Presidential Proclamations related to COVID-19 which limit entry to the United States by individuals who were physically present in one of the countries listed below during the 14-day period prior to their planned entry to the United States.

  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • China
  • India
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Mexico
  • Schengen Area
  • United Kingdom
  • South Africa

    National Interest Exception (NIE)

    F-1 Visa Holders

    Students with valid F-1 visas may travel directly from Brazil, China, Iran, India, and South Africa to the U.S. to begin an academic program of study that commences August 1, 2021 or later. There is no requirement to contact a U.S. consulate or embassy.

    Students with valid F-1 visas may travel directly from Ireland, the Schengen area and the United Kingdom at any time, even prior to August 1st. There is no requirement to contact a U.S. consulate or embassy.

    F-1 Visa Applicants

    When you apply for a new F-1 visa, the U.S. consulate process will also consider if you qualify for an NIE. According to the Department of State, “Students seeking to apply for new F-1 or M-1 visas should check the status of visa services at the nearest embassy or consulate; those applicants who are found to be otherwise qualified for an F-1 or M-1 visa will automatically be considered for an NIE to travel.”

    New F-1 Students

    Students coming to Yale for the first time may enter the U.S. no earlier than 30 days before the start of their academic program as noted on the form I-20.

    J-1 Students and Scholars

    Students and scholars residing in any of the countries listed above must request an NIE from a U.S. embassy or consulate in order to qualify for direct travel to the U.S. This policy may apply even if you currently hold a valid J-1 visa, please check with your local U.S. consulate or embassy.

    Canada and Mexico

    Students and scholars residing in Canada or Mexico should review the updated information from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP.) These policies are updated frequently. Also note that land travel and air travel may have different policies.

    All Other Visa Categories

    The “exceptions” listed above are for specific visa categories. All other visa categories (including H-1B) are subject to the Presidential Proclamations, which prohibit travel from the countries listed above to the U.S.


    Additional Travel Issues

    Chinese Institutions and Funding

    Presidential Proclamation 10043 effects “entry into the United States as a nonimmigrant of any national of the PRC seeking to enter the United States pursuant to an F or J visa…” who “…receives funding from or who currently is employed by, studies at, or conducts research at or on behalf of… an entity in the PRC that implements or supports the PRC’s 'military-civil fusion strategy” or in the past “has been employed by, studied at, or conducted research at or on behalf of… an entity in the PRC that implements or supports the PRC’s 'military-civil fusion strategy'” There is a lot that is unknown about this policy. Please contact your OISS adviser if you have questions.

    U.S. Embassy in Russia

    On May 12th the U.S. embassy in Moscow issued a statement that many visa services will be temporarily cut or very limited. Please review their website for any updates.


    Summary

    The policies listed above are complex and at times vague. You should seek guidance from several different sources before making your travel plans. For a comprehensive list of restrictions and exceptions visit NAFSA COVID-19 Restrictions on U.S. Visas and Entry. If you are still unsure which policies apply to your situation please contact the U.S. consulate or embassy in your area.